Sunday, February 9, 2020

Differentiate between the different types of cryptographic algorithms Essay

Differentiate between the different types of cryptographic algorithms - Essay Example These are secret key cryptography, public key cryptography and hash functions (Schneier, 2007). First, secret key algorithms are also known as symmetric key algorithms. The major feature of symmetric algorithms is the single key for encryption and decryption. This means that, the sender of the information uses a particular key to encrypt the plain text to cipher text sent to the receiver. After receiving information in the form of cipher text, the recipient uses the same key to decrypt the received message (Kessler, 2014). The single key used must be known to both sender and receiver of the message only. Therefore, the message sent is secret and only accessible by either sender or receiver. The second cryptographic algorithms are the public key cryptography. It is also known as asymmetric key cryptography. Public key cryptography involves two related keys although knowledge of one key cannot be used in determining the other key. The sender of the message uses one key to encrypt the plain text while the receiver uses another different key to decrypt the message. The public key can be revealed publicly while only the message owner uses the private key (Kessler, 2014). Lastly, in Hash functions, a computed based hash value of a fixed length is used upon a plain text making it secure and unrecoverable. In most cases, harsh algorithms provide a â€Å"digital fingerprint† of files to ensure that no alteration occur on the file. In addition, hash functions are used to encrypt passwords in many operating systems (Schneier,

Thursday, January 30, 2020

The main one being superstition Essay Example for Free

The main one being superstition Essay How has Willy Russel portrayed Mrs. Johnstone and Mrs. Lyons in Blood Brothers? How does he shape the audience response to the two women? I think the author has portrayed Mrs. J as a loving, caring person. She always involves her family when she thinks of life and just thinks of the simple things as luxury, this shows she is quite poor, she doesnt seem to have many things and she just wishes she could make her children happy. Shes always trying to support them and give them everything they want, for example in the catalogue she has tried to keep all the things she picked out from it but she doesnt have the money, it shows shes very soft towards her and her childrens needs, she just wants to get them everything they want but cant afford it, I love the bones of every one of them this shows she loves everything about them, every part of them. She seems to always buy things from the catalogue and always getting the consequences in return, this shows she never learns her lesson. Only mine until the time comes around to pay the bill. Then, Im afraid, what cant be paid must be returned. You never, ever learn, that nothings yours, on easy terms. This proves the point, the idea of having everything for her children is so tempting she just keeps on trying to pay, as though she has some hope that one day when it comes around, she will have the money to pay it. Easy terms is used by the narrator, easy terms means that you pay for something over time but the narrator is using easy terms for Mrs. Johnstone as there will be a price to pay, in the end you will have consequences to your actions, in this case she will pay for giving her child away. The writer uses these lyrics so that they can connect or relate to the audience because everyone has to pay for something in their life, it may not be something you want to do but in the end you have to, its showing that Mrs. Johnstone will always have to pay for what she has done. In the easy terms piece I think you could create a tear-rending scene by having Mrs. Johnstone in a apron or a maids dress to show she is very busy and she works a lot even though its probably not a well paid job. You could have her level with the babies to show the connection she has with them, she doesnt want to scare or intimidate them, she wants to mother them and putting her in this position will show what feelings she feels towards them. Then, Im afraid, this shows she is dreading the idea of what is going to happen. She should have a dreading, saddening face on and look as though she is about to burst into tears. I think the lighting should position a spot light on the babies and Mrs. Johnstone, concentrating on them and showing what is important. The volume of the music should move up and down to show her bursts of emotion but the sadness is shown with the quietness now and then. She is also thinking of her child when she swears on a bible; so that he gets all the things hes ever wanted or needed. We have seen Mrs. J as a kind, giving person and we give the response of sympathy. She has no money, no food, no normal, simple necessities, she just wants to have a care-free life and shes showing she is prepared to work hard for it. I think the author has portrayed Mrs. J as a pushy, selfish person. At the beginning we thought of her with sympathy, her husbands away, she has a big house with no family to fill it with and cannot have the joy of children. You start to see her side on how she has never had a child and craves one so badly that she even dreams of a child she never once had but then, the table turns and we she her bad side. We see her desperate side as she says that you have to swear on a bible, then we see that she is very pushy and selfish, when she says to Mrs.J that she wants the baby right now, this could mean that she doesnt want her to get attached to the baby, making it even more hers. Suddenly we see her pushy side when the baby is in the cot, Mrs. Lyons makes it clear that the baby is hers and that she is the mother from now on. Its even worse when we see she is firing her from her job, breaking a promise and even threatening her when she says she is going to tell someone, turning the blame to Mrs. J. We then see that Mrs. Lyons has a very dark side to her as she uses superstition against Mrs.J, knowing that, that is her weakness. In a way I can see her point of view, this is her chance to take what shes always wanted, to make her life perfect and she is never going to let it slip away since its so close to reach for. The response he is trying to get from the audience is a hated view, that she is a very terrible person and that she is doing all she can to get what she wants regardless of other peoples feelings. The play is about a number of things. The main one being superstition. Mrs. J starts the superstition in the play by telling Mrs.L to take the new shoes off the table because it is bad luck.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Biography of William Shakespeare :: William Shakespeare Writers Playwrights Essays

Biography of William Shakespeare William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was a playwrite in England. The Merchant of Veniceis one of his many â€Å"comedies.† Some scholars however, have made the argument that the play is one of his tragedies. Other tragedies of Shakespeare include Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare lived in a time when Jews had been expelled from England for over three centuries. However, as a playwrite, Shakespeare also probably faced much prejudice and hatred—theater was banned from his home town of London during his lifetime and so the theaters had to move outside of the city walls. This situation may have made him sypathetic to the plight of Jews, hence the play as a work of tragedy. Shakespeare married a woman named Anne Whateley, but he may have also had a male lover during his lifetime—a practice not uncommon for men of his era. Many of his sonnets suggest the possibility of this. Shakespeare’s comedies, performed at the Globe theater, were played to an audience which included as many peasants as it did nobles and loyalty, and so the comedy appeals to this lower class as well. Shakespeare’s works are full of political humor, but also run rampant with sexual and scatalogical humor. Shakespeare lived during the reign of Queen Elizabeth who had a man in her service who she cared for deeply (she never married during her reign, but was rumored to have lovers) and who was rumored to be a Jew. If this had been the case, Shakespeare’s play would have to have been sensitive to her favor. Hence, more evidence of the play as a tragedy. In Shakespeare’s time, it was the common practice for men to play the parts of women in most productions.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Dramatic function in the play Essay

In the play, â€Å"A View From The Bridge†, we are faced with emotions that we have probably all felt or will feel during our lifetime. However, when these emotions are taken to extremes, it could lead to unimaginable consequences. Covered here are some of the more complex and intriguing relationships that shape the whole play, from beginning to end, from the innocent love of a young woman to the dark sinister workings of a mind driven beyond logic and reason. One of the most interesting and complicated relationships in the play is that of Eddie and Catherine. Catherine is Eddie’s niece through marriage and has been cared and provided for by him ever since her mother died whilst she was still a baby; â€Å"with a sense of her childhood, her babyhood, and the years† and during that time, they have grown very close, Eddie treats her like his own daughter. He likes it when she greets him when he gets home, when she treats him like a father; â€Å"Eddie is pleased and therefore shy about it†¦Ã¢â‚¬  However, as revealed later the play, Catherine thinks of Eddie as more than an uncle or a father, she thinks of him almost as her husband; â€Å"If I was a wife I would†¦ now I’m supposed to turn around a make a stranger out of him?† She was originally talking about Beatrice but towards the end of the sentence, she was talking about herself, putting herself in Beatrice’s place as though she was the wife that was making s stranger out of the husband. Catherine matches Eddie’s love for her perfectly, seeking his approval in everything she does, she is eager to please him and is happy when he is happy; â€Å"You like it?† she asks about her skirt, â€Å"you like it?† she asks about her hair. In fact, when Eddie says â€Å"beautiful† she says â€Å"You like it, huh?†; this is a rhetorical question, she’s seeking more than approval, she’s seeking confirmation, because Eddie’s opinions matter to her and it pleases her tremendously to see that he likes what she’s doing. However, when Eddie says that she’s walking wavy and â€Å"ain’t all the girls† Catherine is very upset; â€Å"†¦almost in tears because he disapproves.† There is a point where Catherine cares too much about Eddie’s views, from the play, we can tell that she has put off a few of her lifetime ambitions to keep him happy; as Beatrice says: â€Å"I don’t understand when this ends. First it was gonna be when she graduated high school, so she graduated high school. Then it was when she learned stenographer, so she learn stenographer. So what are we gonna wait for now?† Eddie has obviously been thinking up all kinds of reasons to keep her at home. He says that he just doesn’t want her working with the wrong people and that she should get a good education and go and meet a nice, well-educated (preferably rich) young man and settle down and get out of the working class world.  Most of this we can believe, not only does Eddie love Catherine, he is also very protective of her; â€Å"I know that neighbourhood, B., I don’t like it.†Ã‚  Maybe Catherine doesn’t realize it but all her fondness is what makes him so overprotective of her, she acts like a little child around him; Catherine: â€Å"He thinks I’m a baby.† Beatrice: â€Å"That’s because you think you’re a baby. I told you fifty times already†¦Ã¢â‚¬  and Eddie is so used to that he just can’t accept the fact that she is growing up. He likes to come home to her childish antics, he likes to have her waiting on him hand and feet. There may be a slight ego problem when he realizes that Catherine’s pay is going to be so high, even higher than his if the estimate he gave Marco is a direct correspondence of his salary; â€Å"But I think you could probably–thirty, forty a week, over the whole twelve months of the year.†Ã‚  Eddie is obviously not ready to give up the job as the man of the house, metaphorically speaking, he’s used to having everyone look up to him. He doesn’t take Beatrice seriously and Catherine has always been so childlike and adoring, â€Å"she sits on her heels beside him.† Suddenly, Eddie feels that someone is threatening his position and that concept scares him, it’s the same fear as when Rodolpho steps into Catherine’s life, he’s becoming the object of Catherine’s affections, not Eddie. Quite a lot has been mentioned on the boyfriend front; Eddie is unwilling for Catherine to show interest in the male populous; Eddie: â€Å"Listen, I could tell you things about Louis which you wouldn’t wave to him no more.† Catherine: â€Å"Eddie, I wish there was one guy you couldn’t tell me things about.† Not only does this show that he discourages any interest Catherine develops, he also does it very often, sometimes when Catherine isn’t even interested in them, just to be on the safe side. Could there be more to this relationship than just parental concern, care and love? Could it be that Eddie is harbouring some secret desire for Catherine that he is too ashamed to act upon but is enough to make him feel better when she only has him and no one else? A father would be glad if his daughter found love, but a boyfriend would be jealous, and Eddie was certainly not glad when Rodolpho wins over Catherine’s heart. In the beginning of Act Two, Eddie was drunk and when he came home, he kissed Catherine on the lips. As the Romans said, in vino veritas, which means there is truth in wine, what is normally hidden is exposed as the person loses sense of inhibition and sometimes even logical thought; in this case, Eddie’s desire for Catherine. Of course, Catherine has already been pretty upset with him already and this was just putting salt to the wound. She didn’t admit straight away to Rodolpho that Eddie’s views were once again affecting her judgement, she asks him the questions that Eddie has been harbouring ever since he arrived and especially after talks about marriage and says that they are her own questions, she even suggests that they go live in Italy because she imagined it would be beautiful but really it’s just covering up her fear of Eddie, even though she did admit to it; â€Å"I’m afraid of Eddie here.† Rodolpho saw right through her, he could see that she was frightened and wanted to get away from Eddie. Rodolpho: â€Å"My heart dies to look at you. Why are you so afraid of him?†Ã‚  At this point, Catherine still feels that Eddie’s change of mood was partially her fault; â€Å"I would — just feel ashamed if I made him sad†. Ever since the beginning of the play, Catherine always seemed to be in constant uncertainty and fear of Eddie, but never of his actions, more of his opinions because it mattered so much to her but since after the kiss, she has developed a physical fear of him, of what he could and would do to her and the people she loved and that includes Eddie himself. â€Å"Wait outside, don’t argue with him† Catherine says, wanting to keep Rodolpho safe from Eddie.

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Analysis Of The Book Into The Wild By Jon Krakauer

Rebellions can have both a negative and positive outcome not matter what the cause. In the book â€Å"Into the Wild†, written by Jon Krakauer, the character Chris McCandless embarks on a journey of ultimate freedom and exemption. Washington and McCandless are similar because they did something most people would not. They both stepped out of the ordinary society and decided to do what they think is best. For example, Washington led the Continental Army against the great British Empire, and Chris left his normal and traditional life, to seek a life of adventure and determined to go on a journey across the United States. Washington became the first president of the United States. Washington was also the only one qualified to defend and lead our†¦show more content†¦Without Washington, we may never have won the Revolutionary War, and our country would not be the same today. Washington won the war for us, and only he could’ve done that. â€Å"Washington’s gr eatest wartime legacy was his decision to surrender his commission to Congress, affirming the principle of civilian control of the military in the new United States† (Ebscohost). Washington never had to leave or give up his title as general or president of the United States. Washington hoped to free the 13 Colonies from a new revolution. â€Å"The American Revolution had led to increasing philosophical and political differences between Great Britain and its American colonies† (The Road to Valley Forge). Washington and the United States defied the British and their dictatorial rule over themselves and started a war that made it possible to create the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. â€Å"McCandless describes what he is looking for on his odyssey, particularly on the Alaska trip, as ‘ultimate freedom’. It would seem that this largely represents, to him, freedom from other people’s rules and authority over him†. McCandless wanted to live a life free of people always telling him what to do and giving him â€Å"orders† all the time. Even though McCandless lived a smooth and effortless life, he still wanted the ability to do things himself. Washington wanted the create a new country free from British rule and oppression. â€Å"George Washington hoped to become a free nation andShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book Into The Wild By Jon Krakauer1106 Words   |  5 PagesTaste of Adventure Changing your life should not be to run away from your problems; but to do what is best for you. In Into the Wild (1996), Jon Krakauer writes this biographical novel in order to inform readers about a young man named Chris McCandless, who changes his name to Alexander Supertramp, and his identity. Raised in a middle class family with both parents in the suburbs located in Washington, D.C. McCandless is an idealist, intellectual young man who graduated with honors from Emory UniversityRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Into The Wild By Jon Krakauer1669 Words   |  7 PagesElements of Transcendentalism In the book, â€Å"Into the Wild† by Jon Krakauer, Chris McCandless is an in-the-closet transcendentalist; all of his ethics match up with those of a transcendentalist, yet he never admits he is one. McCandless agrees with all of the components of transcendentalism and follows them unremittingly as soon as he graduates from college, and he lives by those components to a fault, which ultimately led to his death. Deliberate living, nonconformity, and simplicity are three cardinalRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Wild By Jon Krakauer1402 Words   |  6 Pageswilderness. The remains were concluded to be those of Chris McCandless, an affluent 20-something from Virginia, who wound up dead following his two-year long self-righteous odyssey. Author Jon Krakauer wrote an article on McCandless for Outside magazine, which later disseminated into a novel titled Into the Wild. At a glance, McCandless and Ellsberg may seem like polar opposites, but after a parsing examination, one can s ee that they are incredibly similar. Both Ellsberg and McCandless advocated forRead MoreInto the Wild: by Jon Krakauer1186 Words   |  5 Pagessense Krakauers natural liking for McCandless. He was sympathetic to McCandless, based on Krakauers sense of a shared experience in their youth and up until McCandless eventual death and Krakauers perceived near death experience on the Devils Thumb. I believe the author’s main point and perspective was formed from his own experience and relationship with his father. While the situations were basically reversed with Chris not approving of his father and Lewis Krakauer disappointed in Jon for notRead MoreIntrospection in How to Tell a True War Story, and Into the Wild1494 Words   |  6 Pagestext, â€Å"How to Tell a True War Story† Tim O’Brien expresses his thoughts about the true war story and how the war story is changed according to the person who tells it. Jon Krakauer illustrates Chris McCandless’s journey into the Alaskan wilderness and reasons for McCandless’s gruesome death in an isolated place, in his book â€Å"Into the Wild.† O’Brien relates introspection and a soldier’s war story by saying that the war story portrays the feelings of a soldier. A soldier’s war story is not the exact warRead MoreLiterary Analysis of Into the Wild1669 Words   |  7 Pag esLiterary Analysis of Into The Wild Imagine spending thirty days alone in a tent or a cabin in the wilderness with no technology, electricity, running water, and any form of communication. Every day you wake up to the sight of the beautiful, tall trees and the various wildlife living in the area. Most of the time, you can hear the many sounds of nature: the majestic songs of birds, the whistling in the wind, and trees rustling. But sometimes all you can hear is nothing but silence. Most of usRead MoreJon Krakauer Is A Popular American Author1393 Words   |  6 PagesJon Krakauer is a popular American author. Most of his work covers the ventures of outdoor. The harsh conditions of life, faced by the heroic figures of different times. His widely read and distributed books include Where Men Win Glory: The Odyssey of Pat Tillman, Under the Banner of Heaven, Into Thin Air and Into the Wild. After winning the title of bestseller for his earlier account of heroic lives, Jon Krakauer again attempted to write a biography of an outstanding and exceptionally patrioticRead MoreAnalysis Of Chris Mccandlessness In Into The Wild870 Words   |  4 Pagespleasure, and fulfilled his lust for adventure, by tramping around the United States. Rather than living the normal life in civilization, Chris felt his love for nature stated when he abandons his family and lives off the land. Jon Krakauer, the author of Into the Wild wrote the book about Chris McCandless aka Alex Supertramp when he died of starvation in the Alaskan wilderness and made headlines. People around the country voiced their opinion on Chris, some believing him to be brave while others a foolRead MoreEssay on Mountains More Dangerous than Everest1156 Words   |  5 Pagesmountains. Sherpas can function high altitudes, which makes them valuable when they carry climbers bags to the camps for them. Jon Krakauer, a climber of Everest during the 1996 disaster, mentioned that he had to chop ice for three hours without help to use for a dozen gallons of water and some of his teammate would shout for more (157). It was at this point that John Krakauer realized how much the Sherpas did for expeditions. Everest also has a limit on the amount of people per expedition so that overcrowdingRead MoreThe Wild And Ambitious Journey Of Chris Mccandless1202 Words   |  5 PagesInto The Wild Analysis Alexander Supertramp: Personification of Courage The story Into The Wild details the spiritual and ambitious journey of Chris McCandless. Chris McCandless is depicted by the author Jon Krakauer as an individual who grew tired of the social perceptions and all the flavorless interactions that occupied it. Despite the career path that was laid in front of him, McCandless sought something more than what materialism had to offer; He sought enlightenment. Due to the cause that

Friday, December 20, 2019

The North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement - 1809 Words

The North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has individuals on both sides of the aisle clamoring their opinions over the cultivation and execution of the agreement. NAFTA at 20: Overview and Trade Effects explains that NAFTA was signed into law in 1993 by United States (U.S.) President William J. Clinton a year following President George H.W. Bush’s negotiations on the agreement (Villarreal, Fergusson, p.1). NAFTA has pushed Mexico into the world economy for the better, however, there have been some drawbacks relating to internal policy, and external factors such as China being added in the World Trade Organization. This paper will review the history of NAFTA as well as the impact on the U.S. and Mexico. In the years prior to NAFTA Mexico saw some changes in their trade habits. NAFTA at 20: Overview and Trade Effects explains that after 1920, Mexico’s foreign trade was very restricted, but started to become liberalized in the mid-1980s. As of 2015, Mexico has FTA’s with over 44 different countries. Mexico’s big involvement in foreign trade with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). To gain their membership into the Free Trade Agreement (FTA), Mexico had to lower their tariff rates and other restrictions such as import licenses (Villarreal, Fergusson, p.6-7). Mexico virtually went from having no trade with other countries to expanding to just over 20% countries in 30 years. Canada, although not the focus, but included in NAFTA, already had freeShow MoreRelatedWhat Is The Pros And Cons Of The North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement?1847 Words   |  8 Pagesnegotiation, the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), a trade agreement between the three north American countries: Canada, United States, and Mexico, was put into effect on January 1st 1994. NAFTA was developed to increase trade among the three north American countries while simultaneously promoting each countries’ economy growth. However, the United States faces a new government, and President Trump believes that NAFTA should be renegotiated to modernize the trade agreement instead of removingRead MoreIs Outsourcing Bad Or Good? The Us Economy?898 Words   |  4 Pagesposition on the various U.S. trade agreements, such as NAFTA? According to office of the United States trade representative, the US has free trade agreements in force with 20 countries (bilateral agreement). Besides that, the US has the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and the ongoing Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). In short, the US has the trade agreement with three regions including North America, Atlantic (Europe), and Pacific countriesRead MoreThe United States And Nafta1299 Words   |  6 PagesUniversity of Baltimore â€Æ' The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was designed to create trade that was mutually beneficial for all North American countries. Yet a recent change in the U.S. administration has threatened continued trade between the three major players – the U.S, Canada and Mexico. New President Donald J. Trump’s promises to renegotiate NAFTA have both Canada and Mexico on edge, and without stability, can possibly force Mexico to opt out of the agreement altogether. While NAFTARead MoreEssay on Zapatista Movement in Mexcio1273 Words   |  6 Pagesmarched to Mexico City against the signing of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The free trade agreement was intended to facilitate trading between Canada, United States, and Mexico. The Zapatista claimed that this agreement would affect the indigenous people of Chiapas by further widening the gap between the poor and the rich. 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This group of entities is Islamic Development Bank  (IDB), International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (ITFC), Islamic Corporation for Insurance of Investment and Export Credit  (ICIEC), Islamic Corporation for Development of the Private Sector  (ICD), and Islamic Research Training Institute  (IRTI). There are a number of projectsRead MoreCrucial To Understanding The Appeal Of A Multi-National1714 Words   |  7 PagesCrucial to understanding the appeal of a multi-national economic deal is understanding the theoretical outcomes of such deals. In many cases, the most appealing feature of these institutions is their long-term benefits. Free trade’s opponents focus their criticism on the deals’ short-term consequences, such as ephemeral job loss in the state with higher labor costs. A temporary decline in employment does not outweigh the long term benefit of an economic deal such as NAFTA, which had the potentialRead MoreMexico Is The Largest Exporter Of Methamphetamine, And Marijuana1338 Words   |  6 PagesMexicans work in the drug trade market (Lee). Upon closer examination, however, it can be observed that the drug market is only about 3-4% of Mexico’s GDP (Lee). Although it can be argued that the eradication of this sector would result in savings of bil lions more dollars, it would seem that there is another area in which Mexico should aim to improve in order to become an even more successful world power. Perhaps that area is in improving its method of transacting world trade altogether. This is whatRead MoreNAFTA: Not for America Essay1346 Words   |  6 Pagessupport and our government needs to do something stat. One of the first steps in the road to recovery is repealing the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA, because it is dangerous to our economic stability and future. NAFTA took effect on January 1, 1994 with the culmination of all quota and tariff repeals on January 1, 2008. This agreement was designed to expand trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States by reducing restrictions imposed by tariffs and encouraging foreign directRead MorePresident Of The United States860 Words   |  4 Pagesdominant in foreign affairs. Clinton managed to keep international conflicts to a minimum during his first two years as president, however he was later pushed to take action by Serbian outrage against Bosnian civilians. Clinton worked with NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, by conducting a successful three month bombing campaign against Yugoslavia that was meant to end Serbian attacks on ethnic Albanians in the province of Kosovo. He also ordered a four day bombing campaign against Iraq in response